Born: July 29, 1904
Died: November 29, 1993
Demesne: Industrialist, former chairman of the Tata Group
Jahangir Ratanaji Dadabhai Tata or JRD Tata was India’s leading industrialist. His name is at paramount in Modern India’s industrial base. His name was instrumental in the development of India, steel, Engineering, hotel, flight and other industries. JRD Tata launched India’s first commercial airline ‘Tata Airlines’, later became “Air India” in 1946. JRD Tata is called the father of aviation of India for this contribution. Considering their outstanding contribution to the development of the country, the Government of India in 1955 awarded him Padma Vibhushan, and in 1992, the country’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.
With his skilled leadership, the group turned to the country’s leading industry house and had launched several schemes for the welfare of the staff, later also adopted by the Indian government. He launched Eight-hour workday in the group’s companies, free medical aid, the Employees Provident Fund Scheme and programs like Workers Accident Compensation Scheme for first time in India. Thus JRD Tata first launched Corporate governance and social development plans in India. JRD Tata was the first in India to get a pilot’s license.
JRD Tata was born July 29, 1904 was born in Paris. He was second child of his father Dadabhoy Tata and mother Susan Briyre. His father Ratanji was a cousin of leading industrialist Jamshedji Tata. Most of his childhood was spent time in France, because his mother was French, and French became his first language. He received his early education at the Cathedral and John connon School in Mumbai and then moved to Cambridge University to study engineering. He did compulsory military training for one year and served French army but his father’s wish was different so he left leave the army.
Entry Tata group
He embarked Tata & Sons as an unpaid intern in 1925. In 1938, he became Chairman of India’s largest industrial conglomerate Tata & Sons with wis hard work, vision and dedication. He began to lead the group with 14 industries and when he left the post of chairman of the Tata group on 26 July 1988, 95 enterprises had become a huge group. He served several decadesin the field of steel, engineering, energy, chemicals and hospitality, and directed Tata group companies. Success in business as well as for their high ethical standards and policies related to staff welfare and social security is to apply. As well as success in business, He is known for applying his high ethical standards and policies related to staff welfare and social security. Many of these programs are implemented by the Indian government as the law.
JRD was the trustee of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust from its inception in 1932 for more than 50 years and in his guidance, many institutions of national importance were established. Prominent among these are the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Tata Memorial Centre (Asia’s first cancer hospital) and the National Centre for the Performing Arts.
Tata Motors was established in 1945 and he in 1948 launched India’s first international airline “Air India International. The Government of India in 1953, appointed him chairman of Air India and Director of the Board of Indian Airlines. He remained at this post for next 25 years. He applied many beneficial policies for the benefit of the employees of the group.
Awards and honors
in view of their contribution for Society and the development, he was awarded by many national and international awards. IAF awarded JRD Tata, the honorary rank of Group Captain and subsequently promoted to the rank of Air Commodore and again on April 1, 1974, he was awarded as Air Vice Marshal rank. Several awards were given to him for his outstanding contributions in the field of Aviation – Tony Janus Award (1979), Gold Air Medal by the Federation International Aeronotic (1985), Edward Warner Award by Canada-based International Civil Aviation Organization (1986) and Daniel Guggenheim Award (1988). The Government of India in 1955 awarded him with Padma Vibhushan Award and in 1992, India’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.
Dilip Kumar himself narrated this incident.
At his peak, once he was travelling by plane. The passenger sitting next was elderly. Dressed in an ordinary white cotton shirt and pant, immersed in reading a newspaper. His apparel projected a middle class person. He appeared well educated.
Passengers on the aircraft snatched glances of the renowned Dilip Kumar. Yet, the gentleman appeared unconcerned. He read his newspaper, then looked out of the window. When tea came, he sipped it without any notice of Dilip Kumar who sat with him.
It made Dilip Kumar uneasy. Trying to strike a conversation, he smiled. The courteous man smiled back and said hello. Dilip somehow brought the subject to films and asked,
“Do you watch films?”
The man replied,
“Oh, very few. I did see one many years ago”.
Dilip casually mentioned that he himself worked in films.
Man; “Oh, that’s nice. What do you do?”
Dilip Kumar; “I am a film actor”
Man; “Oh, wonderful?”
There was no further response.
When the flight landed and both stood up, Dilip Kumar held out his hand,
“It was good to travel with you. By the way, my name is Dilip Kumar”
The man shook hand and smiled,
“Thank you. I am JRD Tata”.
JRD Tata died due to kidney infection on November 29, 1993 in Geneva (Switzerland). On his death, The Indian Parliament was adjourned in his honor. Posthumously he was buried in his native Paris.